A bioreactor is container that holds organisms in order to harness any chemical processes that occur. Containers can be tiny used for labs, or large used in commercial and industrial uses. Some uses include the processing of solid waste and manufacturing pharmaceuticals.  A common example of a bioreactor is a fermentation tank. Fermentation occurs when yeast eats sugar and produces a byproduct of ethanol and carbon dioxide. Fermentation can be used in wine, ciders, and mead.

Certain conditions must be met when creating a bioreactor. First, a bioreactor must be air tight and sealed. This allows for a bio reaction process to occur. If oxygen is introduced to a process, oxidation can occur.  Oxidation is a chemical reaction that allows oxygen atoms to create a reaction with the product or process. This can be bothersome because a bio chemical process can be stalled, or not happen. With the halting of a biochemical process, results can be troublesome, products can be damaged and time/money can be wasted. Other variables that can pose problems are, light levels, moisture, oxygen, and other components of an environment.


Contaminates must also be at a minimal and not be introduced into a bio chemical process. Like oxidation, contaminates can alter the process and cause bigger problems. For example, in beer an introduction to the wrong microorganisms can alter the taste, look, and body of the brew.

With emergence of new technology bio reactors have been introduced to different markets. These can include petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, and chemical production. In each of these applications, bioreactors are an important part to production and manufacturing.



SA Series
Packaged Chillers
(integrated pump tank)
1.5Ton – 20Ton
Single / Dual Circuits
Single / Dual Pumps
SAE Series
Modular Chillers
(pump & tank on
separate skid)
1.5Ton – 200Ton
Single / Dual Circuits
SAR Series
Split Chillers
(Outdoor Condensing Unit)
(pump, tank, evaporator on
indoor skid)
1.5Ton – 200Ton
Single / Dual Circuits